B.A. Biology; Coe College
M.A.T. Science Education/Zoology; University of Iowa
Ph.D. Science Education/Plant Physiology; University of Iowa
Biology Education; Conceptual development in biology at the undergraduate level; science teacher preparation; and moral reasoning in bioethics
Biology; Phytochrome responses to Red/Far Red Spectra
Current: Professor, Joint-appointment Science Education and Biology; Chair, Department of Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education.